AntaresiaThe genus Antaresia contains four small species of python, including the world’s smallest python, the Pygmy Python, measuring just 60cm in length. These species live predominantly amongst escarpments and rocky outcrops, feeding on small lizards, birds and mammals. The three larger species are known to suspend themselves from the rooves of cave entrances, catching bats midflight.
AspiditesThis genus contains two large, handsome pythons, the Woma and the Black Headed Python. These are the only species of python in the world which do not possess heat-sensitive pits. Most pythons possess these along their lips, to guide them towards potential prey. The fact that these species lack them has led scientists to wonder whether they are more primitive than other pythons, but this is uncertain. These species prey predominantly on ectothermic prey, ie. lizards and other snakes, hence, perhaps, the lack of need for heat-receptors.
LiasisThe Olive Python and Water Python are two very large species found in northern Australia. Both olive in colour, the Water Python possesses a unique, iridescent rainbow sheen, leading to speculation that this substantial species (4.5 in length) gave rise to the Aboriginal legend of the rainbow serpent.
The Olive Python inhabits relatively rocky areas whilst the Water Python is semi-aquatic, living in and around swamps and creeks.